Bran Castle - between historical facts and legends
Bran Castle (1377-1388) front view
In the XII-th century, the area was settled by the Teutonic Order (Catholic German military order), on the invitation of King Andrew II of Hungary, to protect the Eastern border from the Cumans and Pechenegs. The Order built the wooden castle of Dietrichstein, on a mountain pass, to control the trading root. In the area settled German colonists throughout the XII-th and XIII-th century and built nearby Kronstadt (The Crown City). The Teutonic Order was forced to leave the area in 1226, after a power stuggle between the King and the Order, for the control of the area. In 1377, Louis I of Anjou granted the privilege to the people of Brașov (Kronstadt) to build a strong castle. In 1388, the castle was finished and served the role of custom for goods entering and exiting Transylvania. Also, in the XV-th century, the castle was used as a defensive position against the expansion of the Ottoman Empire. The castle was inhabitated by professional soldiers and mercenaries. Bran Castle had the role of protecting the German settlers and order lords of the castle were assigned from the Saxon nobility. In the XIV-th century, the castle was held by Mircea the Elder of Wallachia. In the XV-th century, the Ottomans raided Transylvania and were defeated by John Hunyadi at the Bran Castle. At the end of the XV-th century, the castle's rulers also held the title of Vice-voievod of Transylvania.
Bran Castle side view
Vlad the Impaler and the Castle
Vlad the Impaler (Vlad Țepeș) was born in Transylvania, in the town of Sighișoara. He became the ruler of Wallachia, just like his father. There is no historical proof that he owned the castle, but in the time he ruled Wallachia, he came in conflict with the Transylvanian Saxons from Brașov (Kronstadt), over the taxation of Wallachian goods. In 1459, Wallachian armies, under his command, passed through Bran, on the way to Brașov (Kronstadt), where they burned the suburbs of the city and killed hundreds of Saxons, provoking the Saxons' community to seek revenge. A lot of propaganda of different types (paintings, reports, publications), especially Saxons, painted the image of Vlad Țepeș as a tyrant and extremely ruthless. The castle remained a custom and strong military point in Transylvania, up to the XVIII-th century. After World War I, Transylvania united with Romania and the inhabitamts of Brașov (Kronstadt) unanimously decided, through the city Council, to give the castle to Queen Maria of Romania. The castle became the favourite residence of the the Queen, who restored it and made it the residence of the Royal family. After the Queen's death, the castle was given to Princess Ileana. After World War II and the takeover by the Communist Party in Romania, Bran Castle was seized by the authorities and placed in government ownership in 1948. In 1956, the castle was transformed into a museum. In 2006, the son of Princess Ileana, Dominic von Habsburg, received the castle.
Inside the Castle
Mircea the Elder
(reign 1386-1395; 1397-1418)
Ruler of Wallachia and one of the Bran Castle's owners
Vlad Țepeș (Vlad the Impaler)
(reign 1456-1462; 1476)
Ruler of Wallachia and the reason why Bran Castle is famous around the world
Queen of Romania and one of the owners of Bran Castle on the takes extensive renovation of the castle
Dominic von Habsburg
The current owner of Bran Castle
Bran Castle nowadays
Bran Castle is situated in the heart of Romania, in the county of Brașov and is one of the most visited places in Romania, with more than 1 million visitors per year. The castle is visitable all year round. The theme of the castle is the Royal family of Romania, especially Queen Maria, but has also rooms related to different traditions (myths), legends, as well as rooms dedicated to vampires, the undead, folk myths. There is also a time tunnel, where you virtually get to meet different personalities related to the castle and the history of Romania. The castle is situated near different sky slopes and winter resorts.
You can call us:
Guided tours of the most important attractions in the area. The guide has a degree in History. The main language is English, but we can also offer guided tours in Italian.
Transportation in the city and surroundings will be made by us, with our mini van.
Transportation from airport to hotel and from hotel the airport, with a mini van (maximum of 8 people).
We take care of all the planning, ticket buying and itinerary for the whole trip.
We can take care of the hotel room bookings.
The price of the trip - our prices range from 25 euros/trip and up, depending on the itinerary agreed. The prices include transportation with a minivan 8+1, as well as all costs related to transportation (gasoline, parking charges, road taxes).
*The price does not include the entries fees and the hotel room.
**Our services are addressed to groups of a maximum of 8 people per trip.
***We only charge for the transportation services. All the other services mentioned above are free of charge.